TECH TALK: Helpful Tips That Can Speed Up Your Windows Computer

by Chanse Jackson

In this article I am going to give you some easy instructions on how you can speed up techtalk2your computer running a Windows operating system. For the purposes of staying up to date, my tutorial will be done on Windows 10. If you’re running an older version of Windows, it is all still doable, but the process of how you do this will be different. First up on this topic —

Startup Programs

Do you ever find that your system takes forever to boot into Windows and load your desktop? Well, it’s likely that you have countless programs all trying to start up at once when you load to your desktop, with most of them not even needing to be started during your boot process. This is because when you install it, most software is auto-programmed to always be running when your computer is on. However, most pieces of software only need to be running when you’re actually using them, not just sitting idle in the background. Now that you have a little background information, let’s get started.

1) Type “system configuration” in the search field (located in the bottom left-hand corner of your desktop).

Left-click on the startup tab, then click on “Open Task Manager” via the hypertext.

From this window, you can now see what programs are trying to start when loading up your desktop. I cannot tell you which programs you want to start and which you don’t; the programs will vary for everyone, so use some good judgment and choose the appropriate programs you feel need to be running when you turn on your computer. I’d suggest leaving programs such as sound drivers, Adobe, Java, and Windows Defender set to start, but you’re free to choose what you wish. This process can cut the desktop load time in half, or even more, depending on the computer.

2) Once you’ve decided which programs you don’t want to immediately turn on when loading your desktop, simply select the program by left-clicking on it. Once it’s highlighted, click the disable button on the bottom right of the window. If you wish to enable a program, it’s the same process, only the button will say “enable.” Now rinse and repeat this step for all the programs you don’t want to start automatically.

Defragging your hard-drive

This may or may not be a more common piece of knowledge among your average computer user. Defragging your hard drive can also significantly increase the overall speed of your computer, and it’s extremely easy to do. Before I get to the instructions on how to do this, I’ll give you a little background information on how it works.

Think of your computer’s hard drive as a filing cabinet. Now imagine that when using your filing cabinet at home, every time you accessed a file you put it back in a different location. The next time you’d go to find that same file, it would take you longer to locate, because it’s not in the original order you had it in. Well, that’s similar to what happens on your computer’s hard drive. Every time you install a program onto your hard drive then delete the program, install new programs, or open and close programs, the order of your filing cabinet gets slightly askew. How long you’ve had your computer, how frequently you use it and what you do while using it dictate how out of order your filing cabinet will be.

So, what takes place when you defrag your hard drive? Well, it’s as if you went back into your filing cabinet and sorted all your files back into the original order. Now when you go to use your computer, it has a much easier time finding what it needs, and in turn speeds the process up. Defragging is simple:

1) In your search field, located in the bottom left corner of your desktop, type “Defragment.” “Defragment & Optimize Drives” will appear. Click on that and it’ll open up the “Optimize Drives” window.

2) From this window, select which volume on your hard drive you wish to defrag by left-clicking. Once selected, left-click on the “Optimize” button, and voila, you’re done! Please have patience; this process can take a long time if you are using the traditional HDD.

Chanse Jackson is a member of the Information Technology Senior Capstone Project course and is planning on a career in Cyber Security.

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